What I *Would Have* Said at TechCrunch Disrupt

Posted on Sep 27, 2010 | 80 comments


What do you get when you combine 7 panelist plus one moderator on to a stage for 30 minutes to talk about a serious topic?  Answer: Not much. And that was evident on today’s Angel vs. VC panel.It’s a shame.  There are real changes in the venture capital industry and it would have been fun to talk about them.  I said almost nothing in the 30 minutes.

My friend Ethan Anderson put it best to me after the panel, “You probably shouldn’t have been up there.  There was a fight going on and it’s clear that you were neutral and didn’t have a dog in the fight.  Maybe you should have moderated, but that’s likely why the panel went how it did.”  I think that’s about right. Perhaps I shouldn’t have pushed to be on the panel in the first place.

If given a chance here’s what I would have talked about:

1. The VC industry is segmenting – I have spoken about this many times before. The VC industry has different segments in it that have different fund sizes, different investment amounts and different risk / return expectations.  That’s a good thing.  I wrote about it here (mostly starting at point 7) and Chris Dixon wrote a great post about it here.  We need people at all stages of the funding lifecycle and not just VCs.  We need venture debt, factoring companies and public markets.

2. Industry change allows the entry of newer players at earlier stages – It doesn’t take as much money to launch a startup anymore. We all know that. You have an open source stack, cloud services for storage, processing & management and APIs for just about anything you want. So what took me $2 million at my first company now takes $20,000.  So in the past we needed VC to really get a startup going.  These days that’s not the case and it’s a great outcome for entrepreneurs and for innovation.  A new group of investors have clustered around writing earlier-stage, smaller checks. That’s awesome. And people like Jeff Clavier, Aydin Senkut, Dave McClure, Chris Sacca & Eric Paley (at Founder Collective) are leading the charge.

3. There is no such thing as a super angel, only “micro VCs” - Ron Conway said what I had been preparing to say, “there’s no such thing as a super angel.”  Either you’re an angel or you manage professional funds.  Period.  If you’re an angel you invest your own money and you have nobody to answer to except your spouse.  And you can have ulterior motives like helping people or being involved with “cool stuff.”  If you’re investing other people’s money you’re a professional money manager.  If you invest it in startups you’re a VC professional money manager.  Now we can call you a seed-stage VC or a micro VC.  We can even acknowledge that you might work differently than traditional VCs.  But you’re not an angel.  So I wish this separate definition would go away.  Stop to think about it, why would a super angel act more like an angel than a VC?  A: Only because it’s a nicer branding for entrepreneurs.  That’s all.  You still have a fiduciary responsibility to your investors (LPs) to maximize returns.

4. Some companies should raise less money and consider early exits – We had a discussion about whether companies should raise less money and have smaller goals for an exit.  Dave McClure argued passionately that since the overwhelming majority of exits are sub $100 million we need to readjust how much capital goes in.  Chris Sacca talked about how a $20 million exit can change a founder’s life and that shouldn’t be scoffed at.  I totally agree and have been arguing this to entrepreneurs for years.  I used an analogy I heard from Michael Dougherty (founder of Jelli) recounting what First Round Capital told him, “sometimes you’re on the local train and sometimes you’re on the express train.  The express train might get you there faster but there are no options to get off along the way. The express train represents raising a large VC round before you’ve figured out whether you can be big.”  I agree.  I always counsel young entrepreneurs to start on the local train.  You can always upgrade if you sense that you’re on to something big.

5. Others should swing for the fences - Some companies are designed to be big, industry changing plays.  It’s nice to see entrepreneurs who still dream of doing big things.  That doesn’t mean raising huge sums up front but when you’re on to something then you step on the gas.  I would never go into an investment where the entrepreneur was talking about a $20 million exit up front.  That may be a great return for him/her but for a venture investor it’s not.  That person would be better off raising angel money or no money.  And that’s honestly OK.  It’s just not a VC investment.

6. Outsized returns are produced by having a few big winners. You can’t average your way into VC success – Dave McClure talks with such disdain about venture capitalists that I think he misses the broader point.  I understand why he wants to differentiate himself but I wonder if a scorched Earth strategy against the main funding source for your company pays in the long run.  What micro VCs need to consider is what happens when several of your companies want to grow and require VC financing?  Or when the economy turns downward and they all need financing extensions?  You might be able to get several $20-50 million exits in a good exit environment but I doubt that will drive outsized returns and cover all of the busts.  In most funds the outsized winners return the fund (or a large portions of it) and if you get a few of these you’re doing really well.  When I look through our own returns across our many funds it has always played out this way.  Our biggest winner from our last fund returned a total of $320 million to our investors across two funds.  You can’t average yourself into VC success.  You have some big winners and some losers.  And I think that’s what Michael Arrington was getting at when he was pointing out Sequoia’s $12 billion in exits in the past few years.

7. In my heart I believe in ‘founder liquidity’ and always will – I have written about this extensively so if you want a deeper dive it is in my post on “The Entrepreneur’s Thesis” or “Should Founders be Able to Take Money off the Table?”  I was a founder once.  I had two kids and a rental house.  My wife worked at Google so while we had good income in Silicon Valley it’s hardly the life of luxury given the costs of housing.  And then you think about these millionaire VCs flying private jets, kids in private schools and vacationing in exotic locations talking about swinging for the fences.  It is such a disconnect.  If the company is moderately successful, growing and has great prospects for the future then a small liquidity event will help founders & venture capitalists to be aligned.  The hardest thing is deciding what the right time to allow founder liquidity is. I discussed it in my post on the topic linked above.

** One small note: many VCs who got into the industry in 2001 or later have never seen a “carry” check. So many of the younger VCs who weren’t part of the heyday (late 90’s) and who weren’t successful entrepreneurs first have never had big liquidity.  It’s just worth pointing that out. I think most entrepreneurs don’t realize this.

8. Price creep hurts investors. But it also hurts entrepreneurs – Mike asked people about what they were doing to keep prices down.  It was obviously a joke and a reference to the supposed Bin 38 meeting.  There is no way for people to keep prices down – it’s a competitive market.  This is evidenced by the current price creep that we’re experiencing for early-stage deals.  The only solution as an investor is to sit the market out as Chris Sacca said he’s inclined to do.  At GRP we sat out 2007 and much of 2008 for that reason and we’re now looking pretty smart for doing so.  We picked up activity aggressively in 2009.  In public investing you can get in and out even in a bull market.  VC is different.

What I wanted to say, but Michael cut me off (hey, it’s his show!) was – it can actually be a problem for entrepreneurs to raise at too high of a price. We saw this with VC backed companies in 07/08.  They raised at $40 million pre-money for pre-revenue companies and when the economy corrected it became hard for them to refinance themselves.  You have to be careful about “getting ahead of yourself” or you make the next financing more difficult.  If you do a $1 million angel round at $6 million pre-money and hope to do a Series A round for $2-3 million that’s fine as long as you’re doing awesome against your metric goals and the market continues to be frothy.  If either condition doesn’t hold it will be hard to do anything but a flat or down round.  I leave it to every entrepreneur to decide but just go in armed with the thought exercise about a multi-stage investment process over time and under different market conditions.

And finally, one non VC topic.

9. Panels stink – I’ve written twice about sitting on panels and how to make the most of it.  They are here and here.  It basically boils down to: educate, entertain, have a dialog, don’t be boring and don’t sit on large panels (doh!).  But I wrote about one other point that I wrote back in March 2010 so it’s clear I didn’t just dream this up after today’s panel.  But I certainly could have written it about today.  Succeeding on a panel is about pleasing the audience AND your fellow panel members (at least the ones you respect / like).  No prizes for guessing who I’m talking about here (yes, I was annoyed).  So here it is, your moment of zen, from March 2010 …

“Hogging minutes – The other annoying thing on panels is the “over talker” or the person who always has to answer the question first (the way that annoying kid did back when you were in elementary and high school).  Don’t be a wall flower – you should get in your minutes.  But don’t crowd out other people.  If your goal is to sit on panels with important people and build a relationship with them you won’t achieve this by not letting them speak!  (you might think you won’t do this either by being controversial – I think if you learn to do controversy with humor and tact it’s OK.  Just my view.)  Also, when it’s your turn to speak don’t speak for too long in any one question.  People prefer snappy answers to questions.”

  • http://www.stealthmode.com hardaway

    Mark, you're sane. No one sane should ever be on a panel. Panels are for people who want to be included in a prestigious group, and don't want to prepare much. I've pretty much cut them out of my own conference this year because they added the least value (according to the audience) last year.

    About Dave, who I know we both know and love. Dave has the issues related to a startup; he's a startup VC trying to get the word out:-) After his “launch” is over, I'm convinced he will settle down (or burn out). No one can go at the pace he's going. And although it is possible to change the world without making noise, not so much when you are trying to be the change. Even Ghandi had to get attention somehow.

    I think all of this is great. Angel and VC used to be mysterious closed worlds to entrepreneurs. Now they are transparent, and you, Dave, Howard, Fred Wilson, Brad Feld are blogging. How can that be anything but good?

  • http://www.jasonwolfe.co.uk/ Jason Wolfe

    This is an interesting idea. One of the things that hinders “older” entrepreneurs from launching their own ventures is the issues around running costs. It tends to mean you can't have kids & a home at the same time as starting the next Google.

    I despair of this, since I'm sure that there are some great ideas and some talented individuals that the world is missing out on as a result.

  • http://twitter.com/bryanjwilson2 Bryan Wilson

    Great post – the last point is universal even. Don't hog minutes, but don't be a wallflower. This works on panels, group interviews, and even barstool conversations. Wish more people felt the same.

  • http://www.logicalconsensus.com Lucas Dailey

    Strange yes, but I *thought* I understood what he was trying to say. I took it in the same vein he was pushing earlier, that deals with angels, him in particular, are preferable to VCs because angels are more likely to offer better founder-friendly terms. His (clumsy) analogy was that VCs, like governments, are structured with more rules, regulations, and collective decision making structures.

    But those tea leaves might just be in a plain-old pile too..

  • http://www.twitter.com/renee_berry @renee_berry

    Very interesting insight! thanks for the post

  • PimpRelish

    Suster if you find yourself bored on a panel good chances you're boring. Next time sac up, grab the mic and hijack the event

  • http://twitter.com/IBAssociate Entreprenuer TechIB

    That aligns with Rob Go's comment – it's not a buy low – sell high business – it's a lets building a fucking awesome business.

  • billbing

    Think it was just the awkward setting. Got to spend a little time with Yossi this summer as part of a program in Mountain View, and was incredibly impressed by his advice and perspective.

  • philsugar

    Mark….another really great post….thanks.

    You know there are people that are out there that are real, and those that are trying to live a persona….one lasts for the other the other becomes old and tired very quick.

  • Rob Bailey

    Another great post. Thanks Mark! Its great to see someone taking a more thoughtful perspective on the “super-angel”thing. Look forward to seeing you next time I'm back in LA.

  • http://www.gchicco.com Gianfranco Chicco

    Panels are a conference-killer. Would prefer debates with two speakers that have an opposite view on one issue and engage in a real (and honest) discussion. Otherwise, it's better to give the stage for 10' to each one individually for them to make their point…

    worse ones are those that transform into a never ending marketing pitch or often even worse, a friendly conversation by a bunch of people that agree and compliment with each other…

    http://www.conferencebasics.com

  • Mark Goldenson

    Mark, great stuff. I have found networking is the main value of conferences, not panels or talks. David Hornik's The Lobby conference acknowledges this.

    Foo Camps try to address this by letting attendees present and modify the agenda: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Foo_Camp. Less star power, more substance.

    Mark

  • Dave W Baldwin

    That is the way to go…you never know whom you have in the audience. Sometimes it is amazing what the 'important' people learn from the 'less important'.

  • David S. Samuels

    Great article and fantastic dialogue which followed.

  • http://www.johnexleyonline.com JohnExley

    My man Eric Norlin hustling and scoring (?) Suster as a speaker at Defrag? Man….dying to get to Defrag! Good luck Eric, hope you get Suster to speak…keep up the sales!

  • http://www.timothypost.com Timothy Post

    You're right, the term “Super Angel” has already been co-opted incorrectly, as you note above, to reference essentially Micro-VC's. However, I think we would be all better served to call them Micro-VC's and leave the term Super Angels for those true angel investors who can lead a seed round.

  • http://bothsidesofthetable.com msuster

    Of course I love Dave. But I don't think that excuses inconsiderate behavior.

  • http://bothsidesofthetable.com msuster

    This, from somebody who doesn't use their real name. Who's missing the sac, mate?

  • http://bothsidesofthetable.com msuster

    Cool, Rob. Make sure to give me advance notice (and not cancel ;-)

  • http://bothsidesofthetable.com msuster

    Still, it's hard to drive meaningful returns when you're investing at $40 pre on a business without proof / traction and when it doesn't turn out post hoc to be Twitter, Zynga or Facebook. Easier said than done or we'd all invest at high prices.

  • http://bothsidesofthetable.com msuster

    Agreed. I spend every conference in the lobby.

  • http://twitter.com/IBAssociate Entreprenuer TechIB

    I don't disagree – I think (and could be wrong) that a $40M pre isn't seen at Rob's new firm – if there are $40M pre for seed deals than price creep is a bigger deal than I thought.

  • Mike O'Horo

    “Panels stink!” Hallelujah! I've said that for years. A panel is the conference equivalent of a camel, i.e., invented by event organizers too lazy to create compelling content. Panels are easy. Just recruit a band of the usual suspects, write a promo blurb featuring their names, and move on to the next item on your list. No pesky effort to define an outcome that would actually be valuable to the audience. No thoughtful reverse-engineering from that outcome to the means of delivering it.

    IMO, panels are cynical, designed solely to put (paying) butts in the seats based on the marquee value of the panelists' names, with no thought whatsoever to taking any considered steps to assure delivering legitimate value to the audience. Instead, by using this format, organizers hope that panelists will somehow overcome their competitive urges and ego needs and deliver something worthwhile. Instead, what usually happens is that panelists compete for the affection of the audience and attending media. You can see that each panelist is simply finding a way to make his or her pet points rather than contributing to a conversational thread for the benefit of the audience.

    When I chaired an industry conference years ago, I vetoed every panel submission in favor of single-topic sessions by one or two-experts. The test: With this time, what problem will you solve that the audience considers important? How will you accomplish that?

    We published the session's purpose and standards, and at the end, we had the audience rate (1-10 scale) how well the presenter accomplished the stated goal. Knowing that that would happen immediately and publicly, presenters paid serious attention to delivering what they'd promised.

    Personally, I would never attend a panel presentation. Except in the rare case where the 2-3 panelists genuinely like and respect each other, and don't consider each other competitors, panels always suck.

  • mikeohoro2

    Ennobling Wall Street? Neat bit of legerdemain, particularly these days. I guess it requires one to completely ignore all news reports for many years.

    The idea of Wall Street is as you portray, but the practice bears little resemblance to the ideal. Rampant greed and insider manipulation are far from noble. As Mark observed, the losses go to the public and the profits stay with them. Read “The Sellout.”

  • http://twitter.com/Nadav_Gur Nadav Gur

    And of course this also applies to the longer term – when there is an exit opportunity, but the return for investors is not “good enough”. As an entrepreneur in that scenario – hearing “we'd rather go to zero than sell at 2X or 3X the valuation we invested at” could be pretty devastating, Jayant – and it marks the point where investor and entrepreneur interests visibly go out of alignment. Not all funds will be smart enough to provide Founder Liquidity at that stage to re-align things.

  • http://twitter.com/Nadav_Gur Nadav Gur

    And they are slightly more experienced running start-ups…

    (Disclaimer – Just turned 40, 2 kids… can you balance that with 11 years of running tech start-ups?)

  • http://twitter.com/TylerBeerman Tyler Beerman

    Mark you are the man! On my short-list for investors!!!!

  • http://www.knyshov.com Leonid S. Knyshov

    I haven't seen a single session of Disrupt live after spending 5 days at the conference. Spending time in Startup Alley proved to be far more fruitful for business. I got a distribution partner and a few potential customers for my product. That is not to mention getting to know several Techcrunch writers personally so I can get the story published when the time is right.

    20-30 minute sessions with multiple speakers, especially with live Q&A, might as well be tweets. Why should I as an attendee care about a fireside chat with Todd Bradley when an extended discussion on customer acquisition is far more relevant to my interests?

    I am catching up with the sessions now on Techcrunch.tv and finding myself skipping quite a few of them.

    Tiecon does the networking part fairly well with its Powerconnect sessions. They may feature panels during lunch, but you are also free to ignore the panelists. :) Oh, and speaking of unforgettable panels – Adeo Ressi moderating VCs… THAT was fun!

  • Don Gooding

    Ditto on the super-angel attempt at creating a non-existent market segmentation. You either manage other people's money, or you don't.

  • http://www.venturestab.com Jerome Gentolia

    Mark, I agree with you. Having a big panel is unmanageable. I have been to numerous conferences and it's always chaotic when there is a big panel. The wallflower syndrome is also a big killer. I learn more by reading blogs like yours, and it's free too!